Friday, January 14, 2011

Matang Community and its Jain Origin

-Mahavir Sanglikar

Matang is a Dalit caste spread all over Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka states of India. We can trace the origin of Matangs in Indus valley civilization. Matangs have ancient history and we can find referances about them in ancient Jain literture.

According to Jain literature, Vinami, was the great grandson of Rishabh the first Teerthankar of Jainism. Vinami's son Matang was the founder of Matang race.

Suparshvanath, the 7th Teerthankar of Jainism himself was a Matang. His Yaksha (attendant god) was also a Matang. The Yaksha of Mahavir the 24th Teerthankar was also a Matang.

Matang Yaksha is Jain God of Prosperity.

Acharya Harikeshi, Maiterya, Chitta and Sambhuti were some of famous Jain Ascetics from Matang Community. Their bio-graphies and work is given in Uttaradhyayan Sutra, the famous Prakrit text of Jains.
We laso find mention of layman Matangs of ancient India, who were disciples of Jain Acharyas.
Matangs had enjoyed higher position and statues in Jain community of ancient India.

Matangs are known as Madigas in Andhra Pradesh.

1. Matangs in Jain Literature by Prof. Pradeep Phaltane
2. Uttaradhyan Sutra
3. Matang Samajacha Itihas by Prof. Pradeep Phaltane


  1. can any one post me the pic of 7th thirthanker(i.e.shri Suparshvanath)....
    my e-mail id

  2. Jainism does not preach middle path. Actually it is a religion of extremes. Dr. Ambedkar chose Buddhism on account of its liberating philosophy and middle path.
    Jain population is decreasing every year because Jains are declaring themselves to be Hindus.So how Jaini;sm can help dalits in liberating them from the clutches of Hinduism?

  3. histry of matang is very rich, but is unfortunate that up to this time no diamond has come out from this brave community,during british rule many talents might have gone